Childhood malnutrition and mental development
digital file Colour Sound 1986 41:05
Summary: A talk to camera in which Dr. Grantham-McGregor discusses the problems which arise in assessing whether children who have survived malnutrition are consequently impaired in their mental development or whether social factors are responsible for poor mental development, such as poor housing and sanitation, lack of toys and books. In the course of her inquiry, she points to the difficulties of measuring cognitive functions in developing countries, and to the variability of the condition itself. She examines nutritional implementational studies and research into behaviour problems in undernourished children and looks at comparisons between the progress of adopted children, previously malnourished, and those who remained with their original families. 6 segments.
Title number: 18399
Description: Segment 1 Grantham-McGregor introduces her lecture. She describes the history of research into childhood malnutrition and shows still images of a shanty town with poor children. She discusses the difficulties of finding the origin of poor mental development in a child. Time start: 00:00:00:00 Time end: 00:05:44:00 Length: 00:05:44:00 Segment 2 Grantham-McGregor shows a table which lists the various classifications of malnutrition. A further graph is shown which plots mental development against sickness and health in children. A study into the activity leves of a group of Mexican children, with and without nutritional supplements, are shown. She also refers to a study of a malnourished child who was adopted into a wealthy family. Time start: 00:05:44:00 Time end: 00:11:52:00 Length: 00:06:08:00 Segment 3 A chart comparing the heights of children in developing countries is shown. A naked photograph of a child with kwashiorkor is shown. Time start: 00:11:52:00 Time end: 00:15:30:00 Length: 00:03:38:00 Segment 4 We see photographs of a malnourished infant, then a table listing mental development complications following childhood marasmus. A table is used to explain the various research strategies to determine the long-term effects of malnutrition on mental development. A further table shows mental development in supplemented and non-supplemented children. Time start: 00:15:30:00 Time end: 00:23:28:00 Length: 00:07:58:00 Segment 6 Grantham-McGregor sums up the lecture referring to various tables listing results of studies into nutritional supplementation and mental development. The earlier photograph of the naked infant with kwashiorkor is shown. Time start: 00:31:30:00 Time end: 00:41:05:24 Length: 00:09:35:00
Credits: Presented by Dr Sally Grantham-McGregor, Tropical Metabolism Research Unit, University of the West Indies. Production team: David Crawford, Christine Hollow, John Winn. Directed and edited by Trevor A Scott. Graphic design by John Garbera.
Further information: Additional illustrations by courtesy of TEAR foundation. This tape is one of more than 120 titles, originally broadcast on Channel 7 of the ILEA closed-circuit television network, given to Wellcome Trust from the University of London Audio-Visual Centre shortly after it closed in the late 1980s. Although some of these programmes might now seem rather out-dated, they probably represent the largest and most diversified body of medical video produced in any British university at this time, and give a comprehensive and fascinating view of the state of medical and surgical research and practice in the 1970s and early 1980s, thus constituting a contemporary medical-historical archive of great interest.
Keywords: Kwashiorkor; Pediatrics; Child Nutrition Disorders; Child Psychology; Malnutrition
Locations: United Kingdom; England; London; University of London