Disorders of language and reading and writing
digital file Black & White Sound 1974 31:10
Summary: Discusses the anatomical basis of language and considers, with examples, the disorders of speech (aphasia), reading (alexia) and writing (agraphia) that may result from acquired lesions in various parts of the left cerebral hemispheres in adults. 6 segments.
Title number: 18398
LSA ID: LSA/21555
Description: Segment 1 Meadows introduces the lecture by making some general comments about what is particular to human communication. He shows a diagram of a cross-section of a human brain. Time start: 00:00:00:00 Time end: 00:04:46:00 Length: 00:04:46:00 Segment 2 A short film of a male patient with Wernicke's aphasia is shown. The patient gesticulates whiel speaking and his speech includes a lot of nonsense words. End of film clip. Meadows describes what Wernicke's aphasia is. Another short film clip is shown with the same Wernicke's aphasia patient. Film clip ends. Time start: 00:04:46:00 Time end: 00:11:18:00 Length: 00:06:32:00 Segment 3 Meadows explains that lesions in the Broca's area can lead to speech impairments. A short film clip is shown in which a series of patients with Broca's aphasia are seen speaking. End of film clip. Time start: 00:11:18:00 Time end: 00:16:15:11 Length: 00:04:57:11 Segment 4 Meadows discusses other types of aphasia such as that caused by a brain tumour. Time start: 00:16:15:11 Time end: 00:21:44:00 Length: 00:05:28:14 Segment 6 Meadows shows a diagram of a brain and highlights the visual cortex and corpus callosum. A short film clip of a patient writing then reading out loud what he has written is shown. End of film clip. Meadows summarises the lecture. Time start: 00:26:50:00 Time end: 00:31:10:05 Length: 00:04:20:05
Credits: Presented by Dr JC Meadows, Institute of Neurology, University of London. Produced by Trevor A Scott. Made for the Institute of Neurology, University of London, in association with British Postgraduate Medical Federation.
Further information: This tape is one of more than 120 titles, originally broadcast on Channel 7 of the ILEA closed-circuit television network, given to Wellcome Trust from the University of London Audio-Visual Centre shortly after it closed in the late 1980s. Although some of these programmes might now seem rather out-dated, they probably represent the largest and most diversified body of medical video produced in any British university at this time, and give a comprehensive and fascinating view of the state of medical and surgical research and practice in the 1970s and early 1980s, thus constituting a contemporary medical-historical archive of great interest.
Keywords: Neurology; Nervous System Diseases; Language Disorders; Alexia, Pure; Aphasia; Aphasia, Wernicke; Language; Speech
Locations: United Kingdom; England; London; University of London